Lokesh Rahul then made the most of his inclusion in the final 11 in place of the injured Murali Vijay, reaching an unbeaten 75 as India closed the first day at 126 for one in reply.
Ashwin followed up his haul of seven for 83 in the final innings of the first Test a week earlier with five for 52 on a pitch offering turn and bounce from the very first session of play.
He became just the third Indian bowler to have five-wicket innings hauls in three consecutive Test matches after fellow spinners Bhagwat Chandrasekhar and current coach Anil Kumble."Going into any match I assess the batsmen in the opposition to see if I have dismissed them before," said Ashwin after the day's play. "I then work on getting them out based on their strengths and weaknesses. It's never as easy as it looks sometimes but it's gone really well for me in the last two innings."
Debutant Miguel Cummins heaved his way to an unbeaten 24 in an entertaining 38-run last-wicket stand with Shannon Gabriel before leg-spinner Amit Mishra ended the innings to put the seal on another efficient effort in the field by the visitors. India were in control virtually from the start of the match after Holder's decision to bat first on winning the toss as the West Indies slid to seven for three within 25 minutes of play. Ishant Sharma removed Kraigg Brathwaite and Darren Bravo off successive deliveries in just his second over. With a reputation of susceptibility to the short ball early in his innings clearly on the fast bowler's mind, Brathwaite failed to negotiate a lifting delivery in Sharma's second over and Cheteshwar Pujara held the simple catch at short-leg.
WATCH: Jermaine Blackwood spoke to the Media after the 1st day of the 2nd Test vs India, https://t.co/4pUee0ZYQE— westindies (@westindies) July 31, 2016