Seamer Ishant Sharma struck twice in one over as England reached 198-7 at stumps on the opening day of the fifth Test.
In the post tea session, Alastair Cook – in his 161st and final Test appearance before his international retirement – was bowled for 71 by Jasprit Bumrah.
Captain Root was then trapped lbw by Bumrah for a duck as England struggled to 133-3 in the 64th over. Thereafter, Jonny Bairstow was caught behind for a duck and Ben Stokes was out lbw by Ravindra Jadeja for 11 as England reached 171-5 after 78 overs.
Earlier, Keaton Jennings fought hard for 23 off 75 balls before turning Jadeja into the hands of KL Rahul at leg slip.
Former captain Cook, England’s record Test run-scorer, was presented with a commemorative cap by Andrew Strauss before play started.
India made two changes with Jadeja replacing unfit fellow spinner Ravichandran Ashwin and middle-order batsman Hanuma Vihari given a Test debut after the tourists dropped all-rounder Hardik Pandya.
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